Understanding Autism and Its Joint Management Method

By Dickson Osas

Autism is generally described as a significant health condition contributing to how a person relates physically to the environment. It usually involves different symptoms ranging from minor issues to severe ones that might require complete health focus on all such patient life spans.

People are living with Autism experience communication issues. They struggle to comprehend the thoughts and emotions of others—their inability to communicate effectively through postures, expressions, and touch results from this.

Learning difficulties may be present in individuals with Autism. As a result, their skill growth could be uneven. For instance, someone might struggle with communication but excel at arithmetic, music, painting, or memory. On the other hand, as a result, individuals might perform exceptionally well on tasks that require analysis or problem-solving.

Autism is currently being identified in more kids than ever before. However, rather than more children having a problem, the most recent figures may be higher due to changes in how it is identified.

What Are the Possible Signs of Autism

  • not making eye contact
  • a limited range of interests or a strong passion for select subjects
  • repeatedly doing an action, such as uttering the same words or phrases, pacing back and forth, or pushing a lever
  • high sensitivity to sensations that other people might find normal, such as sounds, touching, scents, or sights
  • not paying attention to or glancing at other persons
  • avoiding looking at objects while someone else points at them
  • reluctance to be hugged or held
  • problems with verbal understanding or the use of gestures, facial expressions, or voice tone
  •  using a monotone, flat, or robotic voice when speaking
  • difficulty adjusting to routine adjustments
  • Seizures can occur in some autistic kids. Possibly not until adolescence will these begin.                                       these are some symptoms of Autism 

Types of Disorders Related to Autism

The followings were initially considered to be distinct conditions. But most currently fall within the category of autism spectrum disorders, which includes:

  •  Asperger’s Syndrome: These kids typically score normal or above average on intellect exams, indicating that they do not have language difficulties. However, they do have social concerns and a narrow variety of interests.
  •  Autism spectrum disorder When most people hear the word “autism,” they picture something like this. It refers to play, communication, and social contact issues in kids under three.
  • Disintegrative condition in children. These kids usually develop for at least two years before losing part or all of their social and communication abilities.
  •  Prevalent developmental disability (PDD or atypical Autism). Your doctor may use this term if your kid displays specific autistic traits, such as limitations in social and communication abilities, but does not meet the criteria for another diagnosis.

 

What Are Common Causes of Autism

  •  having an autistic member of one’s close family and possessing particular genetic variants
  • hereditary diseases 
  •  having elderly parents
  •  metabolic abnormalities caused by low birth weight
  • atmospheric contaminants and heavy metal toxicity
  •  a mother who has experienced viral illnesses
  • exposure of the fetus to the drugs thalidomide or valproic acid (Thalomid)

 

How to Manage and Treat Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism presently has no particular treatment, but several ways exist to manage and curtail the disorder and help improve the necessary ability and functions.

Each suffering from Autism has a different treatment. Nevertheless, Autism patients can live to the fullest if early therapy is administered.  

The study shows that diagnosis and treatment of autism disorder early will improve the patients more than late diagnosis.

The followings are ways of managing and treating autism spectrum disorder

Therapy for behavioral management: Behavior management therapy aims to discourage unwanted behaviors while reinforcing wanted ones. Additionally, it offers suggestions for what caregivers can do before, during, following, and in between instances of problematic behaviors.

Physical exercise: Exercises and physical activities in physical therapy include strengthening muscles and posture while enhancing balance, posture, and motor abilities. There are distinct treatment periods in cognitive behavior therapy. It is additionally tailored to the patients’ advantages and disadvantages. 

Nutritional counseling: This is another method of treating autism spectrum disorder; some autistic patients are selective with food because of how the food feels in the mouth.

Therapy with cognitive behavior: The relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors is a central theme in cognitive behavior therapy. There are distinct treatment periods in psychotherapy. It is additionally tailored to the patients’ advantages and disadvantages. 

Workplace therapy
Cooperative attention therapy
Prescription medication 
Treatments offered in schools and for education
Treatment conducted by parents
Early assistance
Social-skills instruction
Language and speech therapy